Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)


A person with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) obsesses over minor flaws in their appearance. BDD sufferers may spend hours checking, grooming, or hiding perceived flaws. Due to appearance concerns, they may seek cosmetic procedures or avoid social situations. BDD can disrupt daily life, relationships, and self-esteem. The disorder usually affects skin, hair, nose, or body size and shape. BDD is a DSM-5 OCD-related disorder. At psychiatry Clinic you can find best psychiatrist in Lahore for proper management of this disorder

What are five body dysmorphic disorder symptoms?

Five main symptoms:

  • Preoccupation with perceived flaws: People with BDD often obsess over their perceived appearance flaws, even if others don’t notice them.
  • Repetitive behaviors: People with BDD may excessively groom themselves, check their appearance in mirrors, or seek reassurance from others to cope with their worries.
  • Due to appearance concerns, BDD can cause people to avoid social situations or isolate themselves. They may feel embarrassed and avoid their favorite activities.
  • BDD can affect work, school, and relationships. BDD sufferers may have trouble focusing or miss school or work due to their worries.
  • BDD can lower self-esteem. BDD sufferers may feel hopeless and ashamed of their appearance.

body dysmorphic disorder starts when?

body dysmorphic disorder usually starts in adolescence or early adulthood. This affects men and women, and 1-2% of the population has it. However, the disorder’s shame and secrecy may lead to misdiagnosis or undiagnosed.

BDD may be more common in people with a family history of the disorder or other mental health issues like depression, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive disorder, according to research (OCD).

BDD self-diagnosis?

Self-diagnosing mental health conditions, including Body Dysmorphic Disorder, is not advised (BDD).

A psychologist or psychiatrist can evaluate your symptoms, determine if they meet BDD criteria, and rule out other mental health conditions with similar symptoms.

BDD can severely impair your quality of life, so if you’re suffering from body image issues, seek professional help. They can accurately diagnose and customize your treatment.

If you suspect BDD or another mental health issue, see a mental health professional.

Can body dysmorphia cause tears?

dysmorphia causes distress and impairs daily functioning through preoccupation with perceived flaws or defects in one’s appearance. It can cause sadness, hopelessness, anxiety, frustration, and crying.

It can cause shame, self-doubt, and worthlessness due to intense emotional reactions to perceived flaws or defects. These emotions can overwhelm and cause tears and other outbursts.

If you’re struggling with body image or emotions, seek professional help. Mental health professionals can diagnose, support, and customize treatment plans.

BDD treatments 

Common treatment options for body dysmorphic disorder are psychotherapy and medication work best. Common treatments: Psychological interventions are provided by psychologists

CBT: CBT changes negative thoughts and behaviors. Exposure therapy for BDD involves gradually exposing the person to their perceived flaws and teaching them to resist compulsive behaviors.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): These antidepressants can reduce BDD’s obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Psychotherapy often accompanies these drugs.

Psychodynamic psychotherapy: This therapy helps BDD sufferers identify and understand their underlying emotions and experiences.

BDD sufferers can find support and community in group therapy.

Family therapy: Family therapy can help family members understand BDD and help their loved one recover.

BDD treatment may take time and require trial and error to find the right combination of therapies and medications. A BDD-experienced mental health professional is essential.

BDD remedies 

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) can be managed in several ways:

Seek professional help: Seek BDD-experienced mental health care. Therapists can identify triggers and help you cope.

Challenge your BDD-fueling negative thoughts. Ask if the thoughts are real or distorted. Positively reframe negative thoughts.

Self-care: Relax with a warm bath, massage, or mindfulness meditation.

Avoid BDD triggers like social media, mirrors, and self-consciousness.

Focus on your strengths instead of your perceived flaws.

Build a support network: Surround yourself with encouraging and understanding people who can help you keep perspective.

Regular exercise improves mood, stress, and well-being.

BDD recovery is possible with treatment and support.

Depression Vs Body dysmorphic Disorder

BDD is not depression, but it is often linked to depression and anxiety.

Depression and BDD are different disorders despite sharing symptoms like low mood and hopelessness. Depression is a mood disorder that causes persistent sadness, loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities, changes in appetite or sleep, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, and difficulty concentrating.

BDD patients often have depression or other mental health issues, and treating both can improve outcomes. A mental health professional can diagnose and customize a treatment plan for depression or BDD.


In conclusion, Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a mental health condition that causes distress and impairs daily functioning through a preoccupation with perceived flaws or defects in one’s appearance. Depression, anxiety, and BDD can occur at any age. Therapy, medication, and self-help can treat BDD. BDD sufferers should seek professional help, practice self-care, challenge negative thoughts, and build support networks. BDD can be treated.

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